Abdominal Pain

Many intestinal conditions present with lower abdominal pain bloating and swelling. Your abdomen starts below your chest and goes down to your groin. Many important organs lie within the abdominal cavity, and pain can come from any of them. For this reason abdominal bloating pain can be difficult to diagnose. Abdomen pain is very common, especially in children, many cases are not serious. Although there is some very serious medical conditions associated with mild to severe abdominal pain.  Appendicitis, gallbladder stone or disease, diverticulitis, bowel blockage, pacreatitis, and even cancer are all serious conditions that presents with abdominal pain and require medical attention.

Upper abdominal pain and bloating may be caused by:
• Cholecystitis
• Hepatitis
• Gastritis
• Peptic ulcer
• Pancreatitis
• Pancreas cancer
• Esophagitis
• Biliary colic
If you experience persistent upper abdominal pain and bloating you should talk to your doctor about your symptoms.

Lower abdominal bloating pain may be caused by:
• Diverticulitis
• Bladder cancer
• Endometriosis
• Eptopic pregnancy
• Sexually transmitted diseases
• Miscarriage
• Pelvis inflammatory disease
• Ovarian cyst
• Ovarian cancer
• Urinary tract infection
• Kidney stone
• Ulcerative colitis
• Crohns disease
• Irritable bowel syndrome
• Cystitis
If your pain last longer than a couple of days you should contact your healthcare professional.

There are several different characteristics important for diagnosing the cause of the abdominal pain:
1) How does the pain start
2) The exact location of the pain
3) How long does the pain last
4) What type of pain is it (cramping, sharp, dull)
5) What worsens the pain
6) What relieves the pain
7) Other signs and symptoms that come with the pain (fever, bleeding, diarrhea)
Along with answering these questions, a physical exam, laboratory exams, radiographic and/or endoscopic procedures may also need to be done before the doctor can correctly identify the cause.

A heating pad or soaking in a warm tub may help ease the pain, not recomended for patients that are experiencing bleeding. Over the counter antacids may help some types of abdominal pain, acetaminophen if the patient has a fever, although aspirin may make some stomach problems worse.

Call a medical professional if you have abdominal pain lasting longer than a week, even if the pain is mild. Seek medical help immediately if:
• Sharp and sudden pain
• Pain in chest, neck, or shoulder with your abdomen pain
• Blood in stool or vomit
• Tender, hard abdomen
Severe lower abdominal pain bloating does not always mean a serious problem, but you should get evaluated by a medical professional to make sure.